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气候变化研究进展
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CMIP6火山强迫的气候响应模拟比较计划(VolMIP)概况与评述
满文敏1,左萌1,2
1中国科学院大气物理研究所大气科学和地球流体力学数值模拟国家重点实验室(LASG),北京 100029;
2 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
The Model Intercomparison Project on the Climatic Response to Volcanic Forcing (VolMIP): overview and comments
MAN Wen-Min1, ZUO Meng1, 2
1 The State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics (LASG), Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
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摘要?为揭示造成火山强迫气候响应模拟不确定性的原因,第六次国际耦合模式比较计划(CMIP6)设立了火山强迫的气候响应模拟比较计划(VolMIP)。该计划由基于历史火山爆发的理想火山扰动试验组成,包括三组主要的试验:第一组关注短期(季节至年际)大气动力响应;第二组关注海气耦合系统的长期(年际至年代际)响应;第三组关注气候系统对火山群的响应。VolMIP旨在通过给定相同的辐射强迫并进行多成员集合模拟,揭示模式对外强迫响应的不确定性,通过设定不同的背景气候态,阐明内部变率和外强迫对气候响应的相对贡献。
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关键词:? 火山强迫的气候响应模拟比较计划(VolMIP)? 火山强迫? 气候响应? 模拟不确? ??
Abstract:?In order to achieve a better understanding of the inter-model uncertainties in the response to volcanic forcing, the Model Intercomparison Project on the Climatic Response to Volcanic Forcing (VolMIP) has been endorsed to the CMIP6. It consists of a set of idealized volcanic perturbation experiments, which include three main experiments: the first is designed to investigate the short-term (seasonal to interannual) atmospheric response, the second is designed to investigate the long-term (interannual to decadal) response of the coupled climate system, and the third is designed to investigate the climatic response to close successions of volcanic eruptions. VolMIP will provide the same volcanic aerosol data set for each experiment and conduct large simulation ensembles, which allows to investigate the inter-model differences. A set of initial conditions are also defined to assess the different contribution of the internal variability and external forcing to the climatic response.
Key words:? The Model Intercomparison Project on the Climatic Response to Volcanic Forcing (VolMIP) ?? Volcanic forcing ?? Climatic response ?? Inter-model uncertainties
收稿日期:? 2019-04-16 ???? 修回日期:? 2019-06-05 ???? ???? 出版日期:? 2019-08-21 ???? 发布日期:? 2019-08-21 ????
基金资助:?国家自然科学基金面上项目;国家重点研发计划项目
通讯作者:? 满文敏???
引用本文:? ??
满文敏 左萌. CMIP6火山强迫的气候响应模拟比较计划(VolMIP)概况与评述[J]. 气候变化研究进展, .
MAN Wen-Min, ZUO Meng. The Model Intercomparison Project on the Climatic Response to Volcanic Forcing (VolMIP): overview and comments. Climate Change Research, 0, (): 0-0.
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http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/
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